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Uzbekistan Communications


Telephone links to other former Soviet Republics are provided by land link or microwave and to other countries through Moscow. According to the official source report, as of 10 March 2008, the number of cellular phone users in Uzbekistan reached 7 million, up from 3.7 million on 1 July 2007. The largest mobile operator in terms of number of subscribers is MTS-Uzbekistan (former Uzdunrobita and part of Russian Mobile TeleSystems) and it is followed by Beeline (part of Russia's Beeline) and Coscom (originally part of the US MCT Corp, now a subsidiary of the Nordic/Baltic telecommunication company TeliaSonera AB).

Radio Tashkent, established in 1947, broadcasts in Uzbek, English, Urdu, Hindi, Farsi, Arabic and Uighur. There is also a television station in Tashkent, and satellite earth stations receive Orbita and INTELSAT. As of 2008, there were 4 AM and 12 FM radio broadcast stations. In 2006, there were 28 television stations. There were 456 radios and 276 television sets in use for every 1,000 people in 2000.

As of 2008, the estimated number of internet users was 2.1 million.


Telephones - main lines in use
1.821 million (2007)

Telephones - mobile cellular
10.4 million (2008)

Telephone system
general assessment: antiquated and inadequate; in serious need of modernisation
domestic: the main line telecommunications system is dilapidated and telephone density is low; the state-owned telecommunications company, Uzbektelecom, is using loans from the Japanese government and the China Development Bank to improve mainline services; completion of conversion to digital exchanges planned for 2010; mobile services are growing rapidly, with the subscriber base reaching 10.4 million in 2008
international: country code - 998; linked by fibre-optic cable or microwave radio relay with CIS member states and to other countries by leased connection via the Moscow international gateway switch; after the completion of the Uzbek link to the Trans-Asia-Europe (TAE) fibre-optic cable, Uzbekistan plans to establish a fibre-optic connection to Afghanistan (2008)

Radio broadcast stations
AM 4, FM 12, shortwave 3 (2008)

Television broadcast stations
28 (includes 1 cable rebroadcaster in Tashkent and approximately 20 stations in regional capitals) (2006)

Internet country code

Internet hosts
38,183 (2008)

Internet users
2.1 million (2008)





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