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Uzbekistan Government
 
 
 

General

The politics of Uzbekistan take place in a framework of a presidential republic, whereby the President of Uzbekistan is both head of state and head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, Legislative Chamber and Senate. Positions in Uzbekistan's government are largely dependent on clan membership and politics, rather than on party membership.

The president is elected by popular vote for a seven-year term in elections that cannot be described as free. The prime minister and deputy ministers are appointed by the president. In effect, the executive branch holds almost all power.

The president selects and replaces provincial governors. Under terms of a December 1995 referendum, Islam Karimov's first term was extended. Another national referendum was held January 27, 2002 to yet again extend Karimov's term. The referendum passed and Karimov's term was extended by act of the parliament to December 2007. Most international observers refused to participate in the process and did not recognise the results, dismissing them as not meeting basic standards.

The Supreme Assembly or National Assembly (Oliy Majlis) has 120 members in the Legislative Chamber, elected for a five-year terms and 100 members in the Senate; 84 members elected at the sessions of district, regional and city deputies, and 16 members appointed by the president.

The judiciary branch lacks independence and the legislature, which meets only a few days each year, has little power to shape laws.

Overview

Country name
conventional long form: Republic of Uzbekistan
conventional short form: Uzbekistan
local long form: Ozbekiston Respublikasi
local short form: Ozbekiston
former: Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic

Government type
republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch

Capital
name: Tashkent (Toshkent)
geographic coordinates: 41 20 N, 69 18 E
time difference: UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


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